(also spelt as 'Simla
') derives its name from goddess
, which is another manifestation of Goddess
. The capital of Himachal
came into light when the British discovered it in
1819. Till then, it was a part of the Nepalese kingdom. In 1864 Shimla
was declared as the summer capital of India. After Independence, Shimla
became the capital of Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal
. In 1903 a rail line was constructed between
Kalka and Shimla
has been blessed with all the natural bounties, one
can think of. Dwelling on a panoramic location, the hilly town is surrounded
by green pastures and snow-capped peaks. The spectacular cool hills
accompanied by the structures made during the colonial era create an aura,
which is very different from other hill stations.
Bulging at its seams with unprecedented expansion, Shimla
retains its colonial heritage, with grand old buildings, among them are the
stately Viceregal Lodge
, charming iron lamp posts and
Anglo-Saxon names. The Mall, packed with shops and eateries, is the centre
of attraction of the town, and Scandal Point, associated with the former
Maharaja of Patiala's
escapades, offers a view of distant
Attractions of Shimla
Annandale, just 2-km below the Ridge in Shimla, offers a
picturesque piece of ground, charmingly adapted for recreation in the days
of the Raj. Today it affords a pleasant change from the perpetual slopes
Christ Church And St Michael'S Cathedral
The most prominent building on the Mall is the yellow Christ Church,
reputed to be the second oldest church in northern India. The silhouette of
this can be seen on the skyline for miles around. It was designed by Colonel
JT Boileau in 1844, but consecrated only after 1857. The clock was donated
by Colonel Dumbleton in 1860, and the porch added in 1873.
The Gurkha castles in Solan, Sirmour, Bilaspur
and Shimla districts remind us of the life and time under the
Gurkha regime. While most of the structures built by the Gurkhas
have crumbled, the remaining few beckon tourists.
No visit to the state capital Shimla is complete without visiting Jakhu
Hill. This hill looms over Shimla town and is the
geographical nucleus. The Hanuman temple at the top of
Jakhu hill is the highest point in town
In district Shimla,Karyali Lake lies on the northern face
of the peak of Chhoti Shali.
The Kotesvara (also spelt as Kotesvar)
temple is a magnificient structure dedicated to Shiva
who is represented there in the form of 'Shivalinga'.
One of the oldest and the most important temples of Shirigul are situated
on the Chur Dhar Peak.
Crowned by a temple dedicated to Kamna Devi 15-minutes
walk from Boileauganj on Shimla-Bilaspur road.
The hill at an altitude of 2,155m offers a spectacular view of the area.
How To Get There - Shimla
The Jubbarhatti airport is 23-km from Shimla and major domestic airlines
cater their services from here to Shimla. One can catch direct flights from
Shimla has a narrow gauge railway line on which toy train runs from Kalka
to Shimla. The train cruises its way through valleys and beautiful
landscapes at a very slow pace making the journey very pleasant. From Kalka
one can take trains to other parts of the country. The Toy train from Shimla
is of two types - one is the normal multi coach train and the other is the
single car train, which has a glass roof giving an enthralling experience
during the journey.
Roads connect the capital city of Himachal with other places in the state
as well as other major towns and cities. There is regular bus service from
Delhi and Chandigarh as well as ordinary; semi deluxe, deluxe and AC coaches
for Shimla are available too. One can also cross over to Leh and Ladakh via
Rohtang pass from here.