picturesque capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is color washed pink-the color
associated with hospitality in Rajput culture. Built in 1727 A.D. by
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh JI, Jaipur displays a remarkable harmony and
architectural splendor. The ancient heart of the Pink City still beats in
its fairy-tale palaces, rugged fortresses perched on barren hills and broad
avenues that dot the entire city. The only planned city of its time, Jaipur
is encircled by a formidable wall.
A young Bengali architect, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya formalised the citys
plans in a grid system. The wide straight avenues. Roads, streets, lanes and
uniform rows of shops on either side of main bazaars were arranged in nine
rectangular city sectors (Chokris), in accordance with the principles of
town planning set down in the Shilpa Shastra- and epochal
treatise on the Hindu architecture.
There is a timeless appeal to Jaipurs colorful bazaars where one can
shop for Rajasthani handlooms and trinkets. Beautifully laid out gardens and
parks, attractive monuments and marvelous heritage hotels, once the
residence of Maharajas are worth admiration. Not to mention the
ambling camels and cheerful people in multi-hued costumes that make your
trip to the pink city a memorable one.
Attractions of Jaipur
The City Palace
In the heart of the old city is former royal residence built in a blend of
the Rajasthani and Mughal styles. The carved arches are supported by
grey-white marble columns ornate with floral motifs in gold and colored
stones. Two carved elephants in marble guard the entrance. The retainers
whose families have served generations of rulers serve as guides.
The palace houses a museum with a superb collection of Rajasthani costumes
and armory of Mughals and Rajputs including swords of different shapes and
sizes with chased handles, some of them inlaid with enamel and embellished
with jewels and encased in magnificent scabbards.
The palace also has an art gallery with an excellent collection of
miniature paintings, carpets, royal paraphernalia and rare astronomical
works in Arabic,Persian,Latin and Sanskrit, acquired by Sawai Jai Singh II
to study astronomy in detail.
A stone observatory. Largest of Jai Singhs five remarkable
observatories. Its complex instruments,whose setting and shapes are
scientifically designed, represent the high points of medieval Indian
astronomy.The most striking of these are the Ram Yantras used for gauging
Built in 1799 A.D. the Hawa Mahal or Palace of Winds is a major Rajput
landmark. This five storey building along the main street of the old city is
in pink splendor with semioctagonal and delicately honey combed sandstone
The monument was originally conceived with the aim of enabling ladies of
the royal household to watch the everyday life and royal processions of the
Govind Devji Temple
The most popular spireless temple of Jaipur dedicated to Lord Krishna. It
is located in the central pavilion of the Jai Niwas Garden to the north of
Chandra Mahal. The image of the patron deity-Govind Devji,originally
installed in a temple of Vrindavan, was reinstalled here by Sawai Jai Singh
II as his family deity.
Swargasuli (Isar Lat)
The highest tower dominating the skyline of the western side of the
Tripolia Bazaar. It was built by Sawai Ishwari Singh in 1749 A.D. to
commemorate a grand victory.
Ram Niwas Bagh
A lush spacious garden with a zoo, an aviary, a greenhouse, a herbarlum , a
museum and popular sport ground. It was built by Sawai Ram Singh II in the
1868 A.D. as a famine relief project. The Albert Hall-fine example of Indo
Sarcenic style of architecture designed by Sir Swinton Jacob, was opened
later with an exquisite collection of sculptures, paintings, decorative
wares, natural history specimen, and Egyptian mummy and the celebrated
Recently, the Rabindra Manch with an auditorium, a modern art gallery and
an open air theatre, has been added to promote cultural events.
(Time 12.00 hrs to 19.00 hrs.): Pretty dolls from various countries are on
display in the compound of the school for deaf and dumb children,near the
Moti Doongari and Lakshmi Narayan Temple
Moti Doongari is a privately owned hilltop fort built like a scottish
castle. The Ganesh Temple at the foot of the hill and the marvellous Lakshmi
Narayan Temple built in marbles a few years back,are also noteworthy.
How To Get There - Jaipur
Jaipur Airport (JAI/VIJP) is situated in the satellite town of Sanganer and
offers sporadic service to London, Dublin, Singapore and Dubai. Jaipur also
has well connected domestic air links with many Indian cities such as
Jodhpur,Rajasthan, Udaipur, Aurangabad, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Goa,
Chennai, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Mumbai and Raipur, .
Indian Raiways connects Jaipur from all over the country, and is one of the
cheapest. Overnight trains arrive from many major cities including Delhi,
Agra,Chennai and Mumbai. There are three major railway stations Jaipur
Junction(main station),Durgapura and Gandhinagar (Jaipur), which is not to
be confused with Gandhinagar in Gujarat state. All trains stop at Jaipur
Junction and a few trains stop at Durgapura and Gandhinagar stations also.
There is an excellent bus service between Jaipur to Delhi by Rajasthan
State Road Transport Corporation with buses approximately every half an hour
both sides. They consist of both Deluxe and AC Volvo buses. From Delhi you
can board the bus from Bikaner House, Pandara Road next to India Gate. From
Jaipur you can board the bus from Narayan Singh Circle or the main Sindhi
Camp bus stand. You can also book tickets up to 6 days in advance from both
these places.These buses typically take 6 hours (by Volvo) or 6-7 hours by
other deluxe buses. There are also some private bus operators active in the
city but you should avoid them as most of them do not have permits and drive